When The Social Reality Runs, Sociology Glasses is Used: An Introduction of Sociology

You might be realized that everything aspects of our social life (in society) are running and changing at every second. At times, we see the phenomenon of social conflicts, social changes, social issues, and actions of the main social groups are shown in media mainstream or smartphone screens, but it happens in our society. That phenomenon is possible to find in institutions of family, public health, economic, education, government, etc. Just in case we facing one of those phenomena, What should we do? Which perspectives are used? Are we in the judge one or maybe the support one? We might barely know what we do. So, Here is sociology have the concern to see social reality in our society nowadays within any point of views.

Sociology is a study of learning about society — it tries to understand and explain the relationship between the people, interactions, and the society that they live in. It is one of the several social sciences. The word “sociology” is derived from the Latin words, socius and logos. Socius means “Member/Partner/Fellow” and Logos means “Sciences”. Based on the literature, it’s known as “the study of companionship” but we can conclude more specifically that sociology is a study of society. As all I know, Sociology had 4 characteristics and it is important to know before you learn or if you were concern with sociology studies. First, the study is focused on reality and based on the facts in society (empirical discipline). Second, This study is using theory and methods to observe something that happens in society (theory). Third, Sociology built the argument with the previous theory are cumulated. Those theories are the result of the other previous research (cumulative). Fourth, Sociology is a study that never judges the values and phenomenon of society, so it never judges is it a right or false act of social reality. It explains how the phenomenon goes and arises in society itself (as an objective science). It also brings us to solve the main problem, if any reasons already founded.

The illustration by Shabrina Mawarfina (2021)

Sociology studies also have levels of perspective, it is called Macro and Micro perspectives. Macro perspective is used in large-scale social structures and institutions rather than individuals. A sociologist who was concerned with macro-level perspectives of sociology is Emile Durkheim. A well-known example of a structuralist approach (as macro perspectives) is the work of Emile Durkheim on suicide published. As an objective science, sociology never focused and observe the value of suicide, which is wrong or right choices to others do. It examines the reasons why individuals decide to commit suicide. Durkheim chose to study suicide because we usually think of it’s an individual act motivated by private issues but he wanted to show it is linked to the way societies are organized. Durkheim noticed the rate of the suicidal act and tried to show that social forces lay behind individual actions (suicide). These social forces led to different suicide rates. A social force, for example, is the connections between individuals and support networks such as family and religious institutions. If become a strong connection between both of those, it can lead to a lower suicide rate. If it has a weak connection, it leads to a higher rate of suicide act.

Micro-scale perspective is commonly used to see the behavior of human beings particularly on the interaction and social action of individuals level. Studying social life on the micro-level is a more recent development and was pioneered by Erving Goffman, Herbert Mead, and Blumer. In contrast, interpretivists start with the individual scale rather than society. It means interpretivists have focused on the micro perspective rather than the macro one. Intepretivistsm believes individuals are in control and pulling the strings of society. They are interested in what other people see themselves and it changes into acts of the society and also builds up their social identity. Across society, we never realize that we are given labels from others and be a part of our identity. The social labels are given to us and it can be from any aspect, we can see it from Age, Sex and gender identity, nationality, roles in the family institution, membership of the race and ethnic, occupation, membership of the religious or political organization, etc. We have some options about the aspects of our identities and we also decide how is important those labels stick together in ourselves and make up our social identity. As an example, religious identity is being important for somebody else who gets into the membership of the religious organization. It may not seem important for someone who didn’t even care about his religious identity instead he cares about his nationality. This how are sociologists see those phenomena all over society and using the glasses of sociology (sociological perspectives).

Become a humanist & sharpen the mind as a sociology teacher. See a phenomenon of madness world in sociology perspectives & it spills into the lectures of words.